Guar Gum: Cultivation, Production & Usage 2022

What is Guar Gum?

The ground seeds of the guar plant (Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba) that is finely powdered in the form of fiber are called guar gum. This product supports normalizing the moisture component in the stool as it absorbs surplus liquid in people who are suffering from diarrhea and helps in softening the stool during constipation. Guar gum can also assist in bringing down the amount of cholesterol and sugar that is present in the gut.

Guar gum in general is believed to look like Locust Bean and Carob Bean Gum. The appearance of guar gum ranges from white to cream and its powder and solution both are odorless and tasteless. The powder dissolves quickly in cold and hot water however, it does not get dissolved in organic solvents. Guar gum is marginally acidic in nature with a pH of 1 percent solution that varies from 5.4 to 7.7.

Characteristics and Cultivation of Guar Gum

Characteristics and Cultivation of Guar Gum

Guar is an old crop cultivated since the ancient period. It is a rain-fed yield and is normally seeded after the monsoon season is over. In other words, guar is a drought-for-bearing plant that requires a balanced legume crop and develops well in sandy soils. Guar needs mild, occasional rainfall with heaps of sunshine that goes beneath the soil.

The roots of the guar plant can grow well in the horizontal direction as well. A few kinds of this crop have little hair on all parts of the plant while some have smooth or no hair on the leaves, stems, and pods. The appearance of leaves is like trifoliate (having three leaves or leaflets) and is manifested on long leaf stalks. The plants grow at a height of 45-100 cm and have small white flowers. 

The hulls are square in shape and 5 to 10 cm in length and every hull includes 5 to 12 seeds of oval or cube structure of varying size and color. Every single seed is comprised of the hull, endosperm, and germ components, usually in a weight proportion of 15 percent, 40%, and 45% respectively. While guar is being processed all these three components are split. 

Once the seeds are sent to the processing plant examined for removal of all sorts of dirt and broken seeds and are cleaned with the use of basic seed cleaning vibrators, electromagnets, and shifters. The powder of guar gum is made after the hull and germ are removed from the seed and the endosperm is ground into a fine powder. Dry grinding and wet grinding are two procedures used for dehulling and splitting the seeds. 

Usage of Guar Gum

Usage of Guar Gum
  • Food and Beverage Industry: Guar gum is extensively used in the food and beverage sector, where it is primarily utilized as a thickener and binder of free water. To elaborate, in the food and beverage industry guar gum is put to use in bakeries, processed cheese, soups, pastry icing, noodles, meat, dressing and sauces, and a variety of beverages. The product is predominantly used as it helps in improving the texture of the food items, increases the yield of the dough, enhances the shelf life, acts as a stabilizer, prevents excessive stickiness, controls viscosity, and enhances body and mouth feel. Both the producers and the consumers like guar gum as it is less expensive and a natural preservative. 
  • Oil and Gas Well Drilling: The commercial significance of guar gum today is owing to its usage in oil and gas well stimulation particularly hydraulic fracturing in which extreme pressure is used to break rocks. The fracturing fluid is made thicker by using guar gum so that it can hold sand into fractured rock. Hydroxypropyl guar (HPG) and carboxymethyl hydroxypropyl guar (CMHPG) are the two guar derivatives that are utilized in the fracturing process. 
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  • Textile and Carpet Printing: Guar gum stiffens the dye solutions in textile and carpet printing, which permits more sharp printed patterns that are required to be produced. 
  • Explosives: For more than 25 years guar gum is being utilized in explosives as a preservative to dynamite for blocking water. The product has become the key gelling agent in water-based slurry explosives in recent years. Guar gums properties such as water blocking, swelling, and gelling make it a useful additive in the explosive sector. 
  • Paper Production: The inclusion of a small amount of guar gum in the pulp improves the production of paper. It helps in the form of a fiber Deflocculent and as a dry-strength additive. Guar gum serves as a denser surface to the paper that is used in printing.
  • Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals: Guar gum is used in conditioners and viscosities, and as a thickener in toothpaste and shampoos. It is also used as a binder as well as to disintegrate compressed tablets and as a mild laxative and soluble dietary fiber. 

Interesting Facts About Guar Gum

  • The generic names for guar gum that are used in scientific writing are Indian cluster bean, guar, and guaran.
  • The cultivated genus is generally linked with India and Pakistan, where guar has been grown for several eras in the form of food for both animals and humans. 
  • The Guar gum industry was established between the 1940s and 1950s in the U.S. The United States brought guar before World War I mainly as a green manure however it was not utilized in industrial usages until 1943 and possibly it was the primary reason why the product was studied to a limited extent.
  • Owing to its gel-forming properties, guar gum demonstrates lowering impacts of cholesterol and glucose. Besides, its consumptions help in reducing weight and prevents obesity. 

Which Countries Produce High Volume of Guar Gum? 

The guar bean also known as cluster bean is an agrarian crop that is primarily cultivated in the dry zone of West and North-West India, Pakistan, Sudan, and sections of the United States. In India more than 850, 000 tonnes of guar crops are grown which is 80 percent of the total volume of the crop grown around the world. Also, 75 percent of the guar gum or derivatives manufactured in India are exported, largely to the United States and to European nations. 

In western India, Rajasthan is the leading guar-producing state, holding 70 percent of the total production in the country. In addition, guar is also popularly cultivated in Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Today, guar is also grown in various countries belonging to the southern hemisphere, mainly in the semi-dry areas of Brazil, Australia, and South Africa. Moreover, it is also grown in the southern zones of the United States that is in Texas and Arizona. 

Price Evaluation of Guar Gum in Few Regions

As on November 30th, 2022, the prices for guar gum in India were INR 4423.43 per quintal (USD 54.45 per quintal).  In Asia Pacific, the price of guar gum displayed a curve change in the third quarter of 2022. The prices increased in the second half of quarter three due to the growing demand and a shortage of inventory. Guar gum prices were marked at USD 2110 per MT for CFR Shanghai in September 2022. 

Guar gum prices displayed an upward trend of the price curve with little fluctuation in the United States this was mainly owing to the heavy demand in contrast to the stored stock on the supply side. The cost of the product in September 2022 was USD 2450 per MT CFR Houston. 

Key Players in the Guar Gum Market 

  • Hindustan Gum & Chemicals
  • Jai Bharat Gum & Chemicals
  • Vikas WSP, Ltd.
  • India Glycols, Ltd.
  • Shree Ram Industries
  • Altrafine Gums
  • Lucid Group
  • Supreme Gum Pvt. Ltd.
  • Neelkants Polymers

What is Guar Gum Used For?

What is guar gum used for

Whenever you ask yourself what is guar gum used for, you should know that there are several different ways that it can help. Whether you’re a health nut or someone who wants to make sure they’re giving their body the best, it’s important to learn more about the benefits of guar gum.

Is guar gum OK to eat?

Various food products and pharmaceuticals contain guar gum. It is a soluble fiber, which can help to regulate blood sugar. It also helps to lower cholesterol levels.

Guar gum is a food additive, and it’s often used in baked goods. It is also added to shakes, soups, and sauces. It is most commonly found in powder form. It’s important to note that guar gum can have negative effects on your digestive system. This is especially true for people with sensitive digestive systems, and it’s best to avoid processed foods and packaged goods.

You should also be careful about guar gum powder. It can cause esophageal tears and small bowel obstructions. This is why it’s recommended that you only take a limited amount of guar gum.

Is guar gum inflammatory?

Generally, guar gum is safe to consume, though there are potential side effects. These include bloating, gas, diarrhea, stomach pain, and loose stools. Those who are sensitive to additives should avoid guar gum, or seek medical advice before consuming it.

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Some studies have found that a high dose of guar gum may cause gastrointestinal problems, especially in people who are lactating. In high doses, it can also trigger an allergic reaction. In addition, guar gum should not be used in highly acidic recipes, as it can lose its texture. However, guar gum is used in a variety of foods. It is added to shakes, smoothies, and sauces. It is also used to thicken dairy products, such as ice cream. You can find guar gum at most major grocery stores.

Does guar gum Raise Blood Sugar?

Several studies have indicated that guar gum may have health benefits. However, many also point out the potential side effects of this food additive.

One study found that people who consumed guar gum experienced reduced postprandial glucose levels. This may be due to the effect of fiber on the GI tract. This may help some diabetics. In addition, soluble fiber has been found to reduce cholesterol levels. In a small number of cases, fiber also helps treat irritable bowel syndrome. Another study found that guar gum reduced peak postprandial whole blood glucose in obese subjects. This was accompanied by a decrease in insulin. Moreover, guar gum also increased insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism. These findings indicate that guar may have positive effects on insulin sensitivity.

is guar gum bad for you?

Using guar gum as a food additive may be beneficial for some people. It can promote regular bowel movements, and it may help with some types of constipation. However, it can also cause problems for those who are sensitive to it.

The main problem with guar is that it can trigger an allergic reaction in some people. These allergies are often triggered by guar bean proteins. They can cause inflammation in the body and cause trouble breathing. Consequently, it is important to err on the side of caution when you consume guar. In addition to causing an allergic reaction, guar gum can also irritate the digestive system. Some studies have shown that it can reduce the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, and it can relieve the symptoms of diarrhea.

Guar gum industrial uses

Various industrial uses of guar gum include thickening food, making gelled explosives, and stabilizing beverages and cheeses. Guar gum is also used as a food additive to reduce cholesterol levels in foods. It is used in dairy products, ice cream, canned soup, and bottled milk. It is also used in water-proofing agents.

High-viscosity gums are required for deep oil well drilling. Guar has been studied as a potential substitute for locust bean gum in the early 20th century. During WWII, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Institute of Paper Chemistry, Appleton, Wisconsin, conducted research on guar. In 1953, commercial guar gum was made available.

Currently, the USA is the largest consumer of guar gum, with 45 thousand tons consumed per year. Most of the guar is produced in India and Pakistan. Approximately 90% of guar is used in hydraulic fracturing sites.

Conclusion:

As per the evaluation by Procurement Resource, guar gum is the grounded seeds of the guar plant (Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba) that is finely powdered in the form of fiber. Normally, guar gum looks like Locust Bean and Carob Bean Gum and is an old crop cultivated since ancient times. It is a rain-fed produce and is usually seeded after the monsoon season is over. Hull and germ are removed from the seed and the endosperm is ground into a fine powder to produce the powder of guar gum. The Guar gum industry was established between the 1940s and 1950s in the United States. Guar was brought to the United States before World War I largely as green manure. The guar bean is an agricultural crop that is predominantly cultivated in the parched zone of West and North-West India, Pakistan, Sudan, and sections of the United States.

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