Everything you should know About Dragon Fruit farming
Dragon fruit is also available at grocery stores and online. However, you should be aware that not all Indians can afford to buy dragon fruit in India. It is well-liked by foodies and health-conscious people due to its distinctive appearance and renowned superfood properties.
Another name for dragon fruit is Pitahaya. The tropical fruit known as the “dragon” is distinguished by its bright red skin and sweet, seed-flecked content. People with higher education are noted for it. India is now where you can find this fruit most frequently. We can simply respond that everyone should eat dragon fruit because it is a delectable fruit when asked what it is Dragon Fruit farming.
What Is Dragon Fruit?
A tropical fruit that has gained a lot of popularity recently is dragon fruit. Due to its flavor, therapeutic benefits, and high demand in the fruit market, many farmers actively plant dragon fruit.
Urban residents with the limited room can start growing things on their roofs. For instance, the terrace of a house that is 30 to 40 square feet can support 30 plants. Depending on the market pricing, a person can produce and earn up to Rs 30,000 per year from producing dragon fruits Farming in just two years. Farmers need to be aware of all the practices involved in growing dragon fruit because they are genuinely reliable for people looking to profit from Indian dragon fruit. There are such dragon fruit plants for sale in the Indian market.
History of dragon fruit
The Honolulu Queen cactus, also known as Hylocereus, which bears dragon fruit, only blooms at night. The plant is indigenous to southern Mexico and Central America. Today, though, farmers cultivate it everywhere. It has a variety of names as a result, including papaya, pitahaya, and strawberry pear.
When is the right time for Growing Dragon Fruit?
The dragon fruit plant is a huge, climbing cactus that produces vivid red or yellow fruit as well as tall, succulent-like branches. Dragon fruit, papaya, strawberry pear pitahaya, or cactus fruit are all names for the plant’s splendid fruit, which is thick, juicy, and sweet.
The night-blooming cereus, or dragon fruit flower, also produces some of the biggest blossoms in the world, which are stunning white petals that bloom for just one night. Add a distinctive tropical trace in the air. These crops’ ability to thrive in temperature fluctuations is a key characteristic. Although they thrive on nutrient-poor soils, dragons grow best in tropical settings with 40–60 cm of annual rainfall. Crops of dragon fruit are thought to grow best at temperatures between 20°C and 30°C. You can effectively grow a dragon fruit plant in a pot if the weather outside is too cold or too hot for the fruit. Dragon Fruit farming
Despite being a member of the cactus family, dragon fruit is not like the cacti you usually see in the desert. Since dragon fruit is a subtropical cactus that is indigenous to Central and South America, it does best in mild, humid climates.
Conditions Necessary For the Growth of Dragon Fruit
Growing your own dragon fruit cactus is simple with dragon fruit farming. However, if you start a dragon fruit plant from seed, be warned that it may take up to five years before it bears fruit. Because the dragon fruit tree needs full sun, prepare the soil bed. As a result, the plant decides to grow in a bright spot in your garden or in a window that receives at least six hours of sunlight each day.Dragon Fruit farming
Choose the soil: Pick soil that drains properly. The organic matter-rich dragon fruit is vulnerable to “wet feet” or persistently moist roots. Use soil that will hold moisture better because dragonfruit is a tropical plant and require more water than other cacti.
Put the ripe dragon: Cut a ripe dragon fruit in half, then scoop out the black seeds. The seeds should be dried on a damp paper towel for at least twelve hours after being cleaned of the fruit pulp and pulp from the seeds.
Choose from good seeds: Dragon fruit seeds should be scattered over the soil’s surface and covered with a thin layer of dirt to start a plant. The seeds don’t need to be buried deeply; it is fine if it just barely covers them.
Water the soil regularly: Most of the soil bed should be watered regularly to maintain it evenly moist. If your soil dries out, cover the soil bed with plastic wrap to keep moisture in until the seeds germinate.
Transplant and thin: As your dragon fruit shoots ripen, thin them to make room for each new plant. Transplanting them into larger pots is necessary if you are growing them indoors. For optimal health, mature dragon fruit eventually requires a twenty-gallon pot that is at least twenty inches wide.
Trim the trees into pieces: Dragon fruit trimmings should be divided into three to five pieces. These fragments can all grow into new dragon fruit plants. Keep track of the “up” orientation for each cutting; you will need to plant them upright for healthy growth, so make sure you do that.
Plant the cuttings: Plant each cutting by burying the base in the dirt about an inch or two and firming the soil up around it to keep it upright and secure. Ensure that you plant the cuttings in the same direction as the original branch was growing. The end of the cuttings that is closest to the original dragon fruit plant’s base should be the end that is placed in the soil.
Harvest on time: Harvesting is simple once your dragon fruit tree starts to produce fruit. Look for colorful fruits whose “wings”—the flaps of skin that cover the fruit’s exterior—are starting to wilt. Gently turn the fruit over; if it is ripe, the stem will come right off. Don’t wait for the fruit to naturally fall off the stem.
Pollination is a must: In order to produce fruit, dragon plants rely on nighttime pollinators like moths and bats. If you are growing yours indoors as a houseplant, you will need to hand-pollinate the flowers.
Identify the ideal temperature: To do this, place a clean cotton swab or paintbrush in the center of the flower to gather pollen, then blow the pollen off the flower. Check to identify which variety of dragon fruit you have and whether you need more than one plant to yield fruit. Some varieties self-pollinate, while others need another plant to cross-pollinate.
How are dragon fruits harvested?
It is now time to harvest dragon fruit farming following the completion of the cultivation procedure. So stay with us and learn everything there is to know about growing and collecting dragon fruit.
Since dragon fruit plants can’t survive extreme cold or heat, keep your plant between 32 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Ideally, 70 degrees is the ideal temperature. Bring your plant indoors to keep it warm when the weather turns chilly if your area experiences hot summers and very cold winters.Dragon Fruit farming
Types of Dragon Fruits
Red Dragon Fruit
Slender, tall, creeping cacti that frequently grow on fences, trees, or walls produce red dragon fruit. Red dragon fruits have an exterior that is nearly comparable to the white-fleshed variant.
The roughly 10 cm-long, round fruits with vivid colors can weigh up to a pound. Their skin is pink to magenta in color, with overlapping succulent, squishy scales. The typical thickness of the skin is only 3 millimeters, so there is a significant proportion of flesh to peel. As a result, red dragon fruit has more antioxidants than white dragon fruit. Dragon Fruit farming
Green Dragon Fruit
Green Dragon Fruit produces green dragon fruits. The white, tasty flesh of the green tips’ edible, sweet tips is edible. Self-pollinating Green has a fantastic high yield and is a little type that typically weighs between 0.3 and 0.7 pounds.
Tropical fruit called a “dragon fruit” is grown in Central America, Southeast Asia, Mexico, and Australia. The flesh is white with tiny, edible black seeds, while the skin is delicate and pinkish-pink with scales. It has a texture similar to that of kiwi and pear fruit with a pleasantly sweet flavor. Dragon Fruit farming
Yellow Dragon Fruit
In comparison to the more popular red variants, yellow dragon fruit is rectangular in shape and slightly smaller in size. Approximately 10 cm long and 7 cm wide, the fruits. Their size is influenced by environmental factors, and they are frequently divided into three size groups. Colombia and Ecuador both cultivate yellow dragon fruit trees.
Pink Dragon Fruit
Pink dragon fruit has many health advantages in addition to being delicious, low in calories, and high in antioxidants. One of the best health benefits of dragon fruit, according to an abstract in the World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, is its capacity to fend off inflammatory conditions like gout and arthritis.
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Blue Dragon fruit
In India, the blue dragon fruit plant bears fruit from April until the end of October. Blue dragon fruit is being harvested. Before selling it, we classify blue dragon fruit with red flesh. This is due to the great nutritional value and vitamin content of blue dragon fruits with red flesh.
Black Dragon fruit
In contrast to the darker, redder flesh, which can be delicious and luscious, the white dragon fruit flavor is frequently moderate. The flavor of Black Dragon Fruit is difficult to define in terms of dragon fruit. Its flavor is akin to that of a raw pear and is pleasantly sweet, delicate, and pleasant to the tongue. The fruit has a firm, creamy, bite-sized, crisp texture that is delicious. Dragon fruit rarely has a scent, unlike a lot of alternatives to tropical fruits.
How to Eat Dragon Fruit?
The dragon fruit is too hardy, so cutting it in half lengthwise requires a sharp knife. Scoop it out with a spoon or cut it into cubes by making horizontal and vertical cuts into the pulp but leaving the peel on. For enjoyment, mix it into salads, smoothies, and yogurt, or simply eat it as a snack.
Despite having rough, elevated leaves that give it a robust surface, it is simple to cut. Like the surface of a mango, the skin is smooth and paper-thin. It has a flexible, waxy peel that is thick, and soft, and separates from the pulp with ease. One of the most attractive and delicious fruits in the world is the purple dragon fruit. You will be captivated by its vivid purple flesh, which is still not widely known in the West. White flesh with pink or yellow skin, hot pink or dark red flesh, and small black seeds can all be found in dragon fruit. The color of the flesh is related to taste.
What Are the Nutritional benefits of Dragon fruits?
These are the nutrition facts for dragon fruit:
- Calories: 60
- Protein: 1.2 grams
- Fat: 0 grams
- Carbs: 13 grams
- Fiber: 3 grams
- Vitamin C: 3% of the RDI
- Iron: 4% of the RDI
- Magnesium: 10% of the RDI
- Dragon Fruit farming
Health benefits of Dragon Fruit Framing
The advantages of eating dragon fruit are as follows.
- Dragon fruit farming is so useful in healthcare, we must concentrate on these and other benefits of this fruit. Iron is necessary for the body to transport oxygen and provide energy, and dragon fruit includes iron.
- The fruit is low in calories, high in fiber, and contains antioxidants and vitamin C. Of course, taking the dragon fruit juice would also be beneficial. These benefits of dragon fruit explain why they are the most widely grown.
- The immune system benefits from the vitamin C and other antioxidants found in dragon fruit. Your iron levels may also rise as a result.
- The vitamin C in dragon fruit aids in the absorption and utilization of iron by the body. Dragon fruit has a sweet, pear-and-kiwi-like hybrid flavor. Additionally, dragon fruit benefits for the skin include making the skin sparkle, soothing sunburned skin, and maybe preventing free radical damage.
Dragon fruit has some drawbacks, such as the potential for diarrhea if consumed. However, it doesn’t seem like eating dragon fruit poses any significant health hazards or adverse effects. However, cease eating the fruit right once if you eat dragon fruit and experience allergy symptoms.